ORIGIN & DEVELOPMENT
Faridabad was founded in A.D. 1607 by Shaikh Farid, treasurer of Jahangir, with the object of protecting the highway which passed through the town. Shaikh Farid built a fort, a tank and a mosque which are in runins. Later, it becomes the headquaters of a pargana which was held in jagir by the Ballabgarh ruler. The District Faridabad came on the map of Haryana on 15th August, 1979 as the 12th District of the state. The new District was carved out from erstwhile Gurgoan District.
LOCATION & BOUNDRIES
Faridabad is about 25 Kilometers from Delhi in 28o 25' 16" North Latitude and 77o 18' 28" East Longitude. It is bounded by Union Territory of Delhi (National Capital) on its north, Gurgaon District on the west and State of Utter Pradesh on its east & south. The river Yamuna separate the District Boundary on eastern side with UP State. Delhi-Agra National Highway No.2 (Shershah Suri Marg) passes through centre of District. It has a railway station on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the Indian Railway.
AREA & POPULATION
The district having an area of 2151.00 K.m. District having a share of 4.86% of the total state land accommodates a population of 21,93,276 (2001 Population census figures) 10.40 percent of the state population. Only 55 Sq. Km. is area under forest, which is about 2.61% of the total geographical area of the District. The district has almost flat plains. The river Yamuna flow on its entire eastern boundary. Its density according to 2001 population census is 1020 persons per Sq. km. against 372 in the state. It is the most densely populated district in the state.
Faridabad comes under the Gurgaon Division of Haryana. Haryana is divided in four Divisions. Each Division is headed by Divisional commissioner. The Deputy Commissioner is the administrative head of District. The Faridabad is divided into four Sub Divisions and each Sub Division is headed by Sub Divisional Magistrate (SDM). The district has 5 Community Development Blocks located in 4 tehsils. It has 388 revenue villages of which 25 are uninhabited and 40 villages have been urbanised.
Faridabad has well connected network of road and Electricity. All the villages of the District are connected by metalled roads as well as all villages having electricity since 1970. Faridabad is well connected with other parts of the country by Rail and Road. The broad gauge railway line of Northern and North-Central Railways passes through the District and most of the trains going to South and West of India passes through the District. Also Delhi-Mathura-Agra road NH-2 passes through the middle of the District and Faridabad, Ballabgarh, Palwal & Hodal are the mains towns of the District on the National Highway. District has six telephone exchanges and about 126 post offices.
There are now about 15,000 small, medium and large industries in this complex providing direct and indirect employment to nearly half a million people and ranks 9th largest industrial estate in Asia. The combined turnover is estimated to be about Rs. 1500 billion. Many international/ multinational companies like Whirlpool, Goodyear, Larsen & Toubro, Asia Brown Boveri, GKN Invel, Woodward Governor, Castrol besides Escorts, Eicher, Cutler Hammer, Hyderabad Asbestos, Nuchem are operating in this belt.