Jat Community Gotras (Surnames): Starting with alphabet "A"

Abusaria Surname, Achara Surname, Ahlawat Surname, Agre Surname, Ajmeria Surname, Andhak Surname, Asiagh Surname, Atri Surname, Atwal Surname, Aulakh Surname...

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Abusaria Surname
Abusaria is a gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, India. They originated from village Abusar situated in Jhunjhunu district in Rajasthan.

Achara Surname
Achara is a Jat Gotra (a clan of the Jatt ethnic group), contributing the "Achara" family name to its members.

Ahlawat Surname
Ahlawat is a clan or gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh in India. It is drived from Illa-Vrta. Illa-Vrta was a province in Jambudvipa, which was situated in Mongolia. Presently it is known as Altai that is degenerated form of Illa-Vrta. Illa-Vrta varsa (Meruvarsa) is the mountainous region around the central point of Meru. It probably includes Pamirs, Badakshan, parts of Kashmir, North-West Frontier region and north-east Afghanistan etc.

Agre Surname
Agre or Aga or Hanga is clan or gotra of Jats found in Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan in India. This clan has descended from Hangamas who was a satrap of Mathura appointed by the Kushan ruler Kanishka. Hangamas was a General of the Kushan, Yuechi or Tushar kings. Hanga is very well known in history. He belonged to Tushar or Kaswan dynasty and was appointed as the Governor of Mathura. His descendants came to be called Hanga. They have about eighty villages in district of Mathura. Huang is a common surname in China

According to Thakur Deshraj the Shivi gotra Jats of Shivaliks and lower reaches of Lake Manasarowar left this area after the war of Mahabharata and migrated to Uttar Kuru. Some of them settled in Punjab in the area known as 'Yadu ki Dung', some settled in Kashmir and the rest moved far north up to Siberia.

The Krishna vanshi people in Sanskrit were called 'Karshney' and 'Karshniya'. Karshniya or Kasaniya is a gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan. These Krishna vanshi people in China were known as Kushan or Yuezhi.

Bhim Singh Dahiya has established that Kushan or Yuezhi were Jats. There were two branches of Yuezhi people. One of the branches was called 'Ta-Yuezhi' which means 'The great Jats'. The other branch was 'Siao-Yuezhi' which means 'The little Jats'. The Greek historian Herodotus has written Massagetae for Ta-Yuezhi and Thyssagetae for Siao-Yuezhi. The Yuezhi people inhabited the Outer Mongolia and Gansu province of China.

Satyaketu Vidyalankar has mentioned that Rishika Jats were inhabitants of western China region near Lopnar Lake. Tocharian people were settled in between the areas of Sakas and Rishikas (Yuezhi) in the north of Tarim River and 'Tianshan' hills. Huns inhabited areas to the north of those occupied by Sakas, Rishikas and Tocharians. Rishikas and Tocharians were allies. They attacked the kingdom of Sakas and captured Bactria (Balkh). Following the settlement of the Yuezhi (described in the West as "Tocharians"), the general area of Bactria came to be called Tokharistan. From the first century to the third century, Tokharistan was under the rule of the Kushans. After that they occupied Camboj situated in northwest Afghanistan.

Rishikas and Tocharians who were earlier defeated by Huns became powerful now. They jointly defeated the Huns and forced them to move towards Mongolia.

Rishikas and Tocharians along with Ta-Yuezhi Jats became Muslims in this region. Later when the pressure of Muslim religion increased these people moved down to Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

Ta-Yuezhi branch included Rishikas, Tocharians, Kushans, Chahars, Jadons, Sinsinwars, Kuntals, Sogdians gotra Jats. Tocharians and Rishikas were great warriors and they became strong followers of Buddhism. They also helped in spreading the Buddhism religion to far off places.

A branch of Tocharians was Hanga who came to Brij area in India and settled on the fertile banks of Yamuna River. Hunga Jats are believed to get their name from Hangamas satrap who came from the region of 'Huang He' river and 'hingu' hills in China. The Hunga over a period became 'Aga'. Aga in Sanskrit became 'Agre' meaning advance, since these were the people first to come to Brij area. Kanishka had made the Hunga people the rulers of Mathura. Another branch of Tocharians moved to Afghanistan and up to Iran. Kanishka made these people the rulers of Ghazni.

Ajmeria Surname
Ajmeria or Ajmeedia or Ajmidhia is Gotra of Jats found in India. Samrat Bharat was a chandravansi King of India. Raja Ajmidh was born in sixth generation of Maharaja Bharat. India gets its name Bharat from Maharaja Bharat. Maharaja Bharat had three sons namely Rikshu, Kanva and Meed. The descendents of the youngest son Meed were known as Ajmidhia or Ajmeria.

Andhak Surname
Andhak or Antall or Aundh or Anlak is a gotra of Jats found in Haryana, India. Andhak Jats were the rulers of Anjai in the north of Mathura.

Asiagh Surname
Asiagh or Asiyag or Sihag or Sehwag is a gotra of jats in Rajasthan, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh in India.

They were rulers in jangladesh. Jangladesh coincided with the princely state of Bikaner in Rajasthan. The Asiagh people were inhabitants of Asirgarh. One group of them migrated to Europe. Another group moved to Jangladesh. The country Assyria derives its name from Asiaghs. The origin of word Asiagh is from Sanskrit word ‘Asi’ meaning sword. According to Kautilya the people who depended on ‘Asi’ (sword) for their living were known as Asiagh.

According to G. Bongard-Levin and A. Vigasin, Soviet studied have revealed that the migration of steppes tribes from Central Asia started in second century BCE. Excavation in Tajikistan and Swat (Pakistan) reveal the presence of Aryan culture in Central Asia at that time. Some groups of these people had lineage directly with the Rig Vedic Aryans.

The Saka tribes in second century BCE crossed Pamir and moved to north India. They carried with them some elements of the Central Asian culture. The sword, “Asi” in Sanskrit, is one of them that came to Taxila. From the above description it becomes clear that the Asiagh people were the first wave of Sakas from Central Asia.

Asiagh Jat were rulers of about 150 villages in Jangladesh when Rathores under the leadership of Bika and Kandal were spreading their rule in Jangladesh in late 15th century. Bika established his capital at Bikaner in 1488. Chokha Singh was their king and their capital was at Pallu town. Raotsar, Biramsar, Dandoosar and Gandeli were other famous towns in their state.

Chokha Singh had war with Rathores but the Godara Jats had aligned with Rathores due to which Asiaghs faced a defeat. Godaras were the most powerful among the Jat rulers of Jangladesh. Rathores had established good relations with the Delhi Muslim rulers and became powerful. The lack of harmony and coordination among other Jat rulers led to the defeat of Jat states in Jangladesh and established the Rathore Kingdom.

Atri Surname
Atri is a clan or gotra of Jats found in Uttar Pradesh in India. Atris are believed to be descendents of Rishi Atri who was son of Brahma. Presently Atri Jats inhabit village Khadeha in Uttar Pradesh. At times they are also known as ‘Khaderia’. Atri Jats have migrated from this village and founded 60 villages in Aligarh district.

Atwal Surname
Atwal (also Attwal or Athwal) is a clan name or Gotra of Jats from Punjab, India. Members of the clan were originally based in villages in northwest India. Due to emigration during the 20th century, members can be found around the world, including in the the United Kingdom, the U.S.A. and Canada. Originating villages are Shankar and Hakim Pur, in the Doaba region of Punjab. They are Punjabi Sikh Jats.

Atwals are one of the oldest Jat tribes, settling in the Punjab region during the Mahabharat era. There is unanimity among historians that Atwals used to husband camels, so they were originally known as the Oonth Wala, which changed over time to Atwal. They inhabited the Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Patiala districts of the Punjab, some settling as far west as Sialkot, Multan, Jhang, Montgomery, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur in West Punjab, what is now Pakistan. After settling in West Punjab, many Atwal Jats converted to Islam although most Atwals in India are Sikh. Atwals are also found in large numbers in Amritsar and Gurdaspur.

H.A. Rose considers Atwals to be descendents of the Panwar and that they came to East Punjab from Multan. Jats, Khatris, Rajputs and Dalits have a common background and Atwal is a well-known and ancient sub-caste of Jats and Dalits.

Aulakh Surname
Aulakh or Ola or Aula is a clan or gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.


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